menu

Stephen Hawking and Artificial Intelligence

3
1064 views

Stephen Hawking, one of the finest mind ever, warned that Artificial Intelligence could end human race by replacing persons. What do you think about this? Do you agree or not?
Source: https://economictimes.indiatimes.com/news/science/stephen-hawking-warned-artificial-intelligence-could-end-human-race/articleshow/63297552.cms

Artificial Intelligence
Human Resources
Future Trends
Paolo Beffagnotti
27 months ago

9 answers

2

This is not possible based on current AI, although it might be possible based on future AI technology. Current AI consists largely of machine learning algorithms, which are passive exotic statistical algorithms where we learn rules or facts from data. These algorithms are very useful, but not really fundamentally "intelligent". Earlier AI (heuristic search, expert systems) depends on codifying rules extracted from a human.

To reach the point Hawking was talking about, AI must do one or both of the following: 1) General learning, where it learns in a broad way from its environment in a self motivated way and can organize what it learns and plan from it, and 2) an understanding of consciousness and modeling it on a computer.

Neither learning algorithms nor planning methods are far enough along yet to remotely compete with humans. We are far from understanding what consciousness is, whether it emerges from the bottom up, or whether it requires interaction with an outside complex system yet, and until this is understood (if ever), it cannot be codified.

That said, my opinion could be proven wrong if a good inductive reasoning algorithm can be trained to improve learning and planning algorithms for robotics on its own. Not here yet either.

There are thought leaders who will disagree with this position. It is important to separate fear mongering and self aggrandizing from intellectual reasoning.

Ed A
27 months ago
I agree that is not possible now based on the current IT. I guess that this could be a long process to be implemented before reaching out to that risks, we are far far away now. - Paolo 27 months ago
2

Without a doubt, Stephen Hawking was one of the best minds the planet has ever seen. His passing will bring new light to his research, findings and advice.

His point on AI is a clear warning for us to proceed with caution. Many people reviewing, studying and projecting the trends on AI are convinced that his view is a viable scenario. While I believe there will be both amazing and perhaps scary impacts to our current way of life in the next 25-50 years, I also believe we have the ability to manage this evolution in ways to prevent many negative impacts including the end of the human race.

Dave Stangis
27 months ago
As any disruptive innovation AI could have both positive and negative elements, however I agree with you that we have the ability to manage this evolution in a positive way. - Paolo 27 months ago
2

Machines with self-learning, no emotional and social attachments are dangerous for mankind. No doubts, but I don't think we are there yet. Can this be possible? Yes. I agree with the great mind. However, with the present state of AI, it'll take a long time. 
Stephen Hawking - RIP the great mind. 

Hitesh Mathpal
27 months ago
Good point and mostly agree. Self learning isn't enough. The machines would also need to have "self interest". - Ed 27 months ago
"Self interest indeed" Agreed Ed. - Hitesh 27 months ago
I would say its not "impossible" but yes not in near future. - Charu 27 months ago
1

The other respondents have covered the technical issues well. We need advanced generalized artificial intelligence, and that will take a while. However, it is very likely to be inevitable.

I'll just add one consideration. There are two possible models for replacement. One is that AI competes with and replaces humans directly, and the other is that humans adopt biotechnology into our bodies as a way of enhancement. This is known as the cyborg model, and it strikes me as more plausible given our desire to better ourselves and the need to compete with AI and each other.

Either either way, we are very likely to change as a species in the not-too-distant future in very dramatic ways. We can already see now how computers and cellphones are extensions of our capacities and memories.

Daniel Schiff
27 months ago
1

After reflecting about Mr. Hawking considerations during the last days, I think that we are still far away but it could be possible if such a great mind predicted it

Paolo Beffagnotti
27 months ago
Yes, Hawking was a great mind. But I take a more nuanced view of his statements. Hawking was n ot only a great mind, but a master of PR. He also lived in a circumscribed world where to be happy, he had to be dreaming about what he loved - the nature of the universe. His very posture may have caused him to be idealistic. Just because a great mind said it, doesn't make it so, especially here. - Ed 27 months ago
I agree on this this but I like the idea he could be right once more. I understand that this does not have any scientific basis at all :-) - Paolo 27 months ago
1

Stephen Hakwing (and others as Elon Mask) predict that an AI Super-Intelligence may take over. This does not automatically mean that mankind will be terminated, but we would not be anymore the rulers of the planet. Today we can see that we already are in the process of becoming cyborgs. So maybe a AI Super-Intelligence will not replace us, but Human and Machines will become one.

But of course, this is science fictions. At the moment there are other scenarios that more likely could end the human race, the "collapse scenario". For Example, nuclear war, non-nuclear war, climate change, etc.

Patrick Henz
27 months ago
Indeed this could be even a modern version of 1984 by Orwell and just a dystopian novel, who knows - Paolo 27 months ago
1

Paolo, Hawkins was a genius. I have he belief that even geniuses have their weaknesses. Do we have the Captain Kirk v the logical Mr Spock scenario or the "Terminator" scenario. I was watching a news report last night that showed that policing in the UK was becoming ineffective on the streets with the emergence of street gangs whilst the government relied on smarter IT control and monitoring systems to reduce police numbers (and costs). So possibly some hope there, in that there is probably a need for humans to support AI systems and the social systems they support, control, or regulate. In terms of what I do and the influence of AI in the future - it is very scary. I worry that in the wrong politician's hand there is a recipe for some utopian monstrosity - so maybe Hawkins was right.

Paul D
25 months ago
Rigfht Paul Dumble, thanks for your valuable point of view! - Paolo 25 months ago
1

I honestly wonder sometimes, what if we really succeed in creating a new artificial intelligent creature that is a full human clone and can make decisions based on emotions just like any other human being. Wouldn't that leave us with the question of why are we assuming that we aren't clones ourselves? And even if, what would be the case if they artificially intelligent bots and Robots start to collaborate and force the human race to work for their own good. Me and many other computer scientists around the world have raised the concerns from not following cautious procedures in development in AI. It's cool and it brings a lot of good advantages when it comes to platforms like our platform Convetit. But it can cause real damage the more we become a modern world and the more technology gets rooted deeply into our societies. These are my two cents!

Amr M
25 months ago
0

Was the majority of what he said just theories ?

Amr M
27 months ago
maybe difficult to understand for everyone but not just theories - Paolo 27 months ago

Have some input?